Lily Tomlin is an American actress, comedian, writer and producer. During her 40-year career she has been nominated for an Academy Award and has won mutiple awards from many quarters, including Tony Awards, Emmy Awards and a Grammy Award.
Tomlin, one of America's foremost comediennes, continues to venture across an ever-widening range of media, starring in television, theatre, motion pictures, animation and video.
Throughout her career, Tomlin has received numerous awards, including six Emmys, a Tony for her one woman Broadway show, Appearing Nitely; a second Tony for Best Actress; a Drama Desk Award and an Outer Critics' Circle Award for her one woman performance in Jane Wagner's The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe; a CableAce Award for executive-producing the film adaptation of The Search; and a Grammy for her comedy album, This is a Recording.
She has also received nominations for her subsequent albums Modern Scream, And That's the Truth and On Stage; and two Peabody Awards - the first for the ABC television special, Edith Ann's Christmas: Just Say Noël, and the second for narrating and executive-producing the HBO film, The Celluloid Closet.
In 2003 she was the recipient of the prestigious Mark Twain Prize for American Humor presented at the Kennedy Center in Washington, DC.
Tomlin was born in Detroit, Michigan and grew up in a working-class neighbourhood on the outskirts of one of the city's most affluent areas. Although she claims she wasn't funny as a child, she admits she "knew who was and lifted all their material right off the TV screen."
Her favourites included Lucille Ball, Bea Lillie, Imogene Coca and Jean Carroll, one of the first female stand-ups on The Ed Sullivan Show.
After high school, Tomlin enrolled at Wayne State University to study medicine, but her elective courses in theatre arts compelled her to leave college to become a performer in local coffee houses.
She moved to New York in 1965, where she soon built a strong following with her appearances at landmark clubs such as The Improvisation, Cafe Au Go Go, and the Upstairs at the Downstairs, where she later opened for the legendary Mabel Mercer in the Downstairs Room.
Tomlin made her television debut in 1966 on The Garry Moore Show and then made several memorable appearances on The Merv Griffin Show, which led to a move to California, where she appeared as a regular on Music Scene.
In December 1969 she joined the cast of the top-rated Laugh-In and immediately rose to national prominence with her characterizations of Ernestine, the irascible telephone operator, and Edith Ann, the devilish six-year-old.
When Laugh-In left the air, Tomlin went on to co-write, with Jane Wagner, and star in six comedy television specials: The Lily Tomlin Show (1973), Lily (1973), Lily Tomlin (1975), Lily: Sold Out (1981) and Lily for President? (1982), for which she won three Emmy awards and a Writers Guild of America award.
Tomlin also starred in the HBO special about the AIDS epidemic, And the Band Played On (1993).
She has guest starred on such television shows as Homicide: Life on the Street, The X-Files and Will & Grace, and played the boss on CBS' Murphy Brown.
She is also heard as the voice of science teacher Ms. Frizzle on the popular children's animated series, The Magic School Bus, for which she was awarded an Emmy.
In 2002 Tomlin joined the cast of the hit NBC series The West Wing, playing President Bartlett's assistant, Debbie Fiderer - a role for which she received a 2003 Screen Actors Guild nomination for Best Actress in a Drama Series.
In subsequent years, Tomlin has made several guest appearances on Desperate Housewives, NCIS and Eastbound and Down, and guest starred in the acclaimed FX series, Damages, in the Emmy-nominated role of a matriarch of a wealthy New York family accused of financial fraud.
Tomlin can also be seen on Showtime's series, Web Therapy, as Lisa Kudrow's narcissistic mother.
Tomlin made her Broadway debut in the 1977 play Appearing Nitely, written and directed by Jane Wagner. The show included such favourites as Ernestine and Judith Beasley, the Calumet City Housewife, and also introduced Trudy the Bag Lady, Crystal the Hang-gliding Quadriplegic, Rick the Singles Bar Cruiser, Glenna as a Child of the Sixties and Sister Boogie Woman, a 77-year-old blues revivalist.
Appearing Nitely was later adapted as both an album and an HBO Special.
Tomlin next appeared on Broadway in 1985 in a yearlong, SRO run of Jane Wagner's critically acclaimed play, The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe. The Broadway success was followed by a coast-to-coast, 14-city tour that spanned four and a half years.
Tomlin extended this extraordinary theatrical career with a cross-country, 29-city tour of The Search, a new production of The Search on Broadway, a record-breaking, six-month run of the production in San Francisco, and a six week run as part of the 2004 season at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles.
On film Tomlin made her debut as Linnea, a gospel singer and mother of two deaf children, in Robert Altman's Nashville (1975). Her memorable performance was nominated for an Academy Award, and both the New York Film Critics and National Society of Film Critics voted Tomlin Best Supporting Actress.
She next starred opposite Art Carney as a would-be actress living on the fringes of Hollywood in Robert Benton's The Late Show (1977).
She went on to star with John Travolta as a lonely housewife in Jane Wagner's Moment By Moment (1978), and then teamed with Jane Fonda and Dolly Parton in the late Colin Higgins' comedy, 9 to 5 (1980).
She starred as the happy homemaker who became The Incredible Shrinking Woman (1981), written by Jane Wagner, and the eccentric rich woman whose soul invades Steve Martin's body in Carl Reiner's All of Me (1984). She then teamed with Bette Midler for Big Business (1988).
In the '90s Tomlin starred in the film adaptation of The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life In the Universe (1991), appeared as part of an ensemble cast in Woody Allen's Shadows and Fog (1992), starred opposite Tom Waits in Robert Altman's Short Cuts (1993) and portrayed Miss Jane Hathaway in the screen adaptation of the popular television series, The Beverly Hillbillies (1993).
She also had cameo roles in The Player (1992) and Blue in the Face (1995), starred in the Miramax film Flirting With Disaster (1996) and joined Jack Lemmon, Dan Aykroyd and Bonnie Hunt in Getting Away with Murder (1996).
Tomlin starred opposite Richard Dreyfuss and Jenna Elfman in Krippendorf's Tribe (1998) and co-starred with Maggie Smith, Judi Dench, Joan Plowright and Cher in the Franco Zeffirelli film, Tea With Mussolini (1999).
She then starred with Bruce Willis in Disney's The Kid (2000) and appeared in a quirky cameo role in Orange County (2002). She co-starred with Dustin Hoffman in I Heart Huckabees and was seen in A Prairie Home Companion (2006), written by Garrison Keillor and directed by Robert Altman, in which she and Meryl Streep appear as a sister-singing act.
Tomlin next appeared in Paul Schrader's film, The Walker (2007), co-starring with Woody Harrelson, Kristin Scott-Thomas and Lauren Bacall. She then starred with Steve Martin in Pink Panther II (2009).
Tomlin later shot Admission, a movie with Tina Fey and Paul Rudd. For her extensive work in film, Tomlin has received the Crystal Award from Women in Film.
Tomlin continues to make appearances around the nation and, in 2006, took her classic characters to Australia for shows in Sydney and Melbourne.
In November 2009 Tomlin debuted in Las Vegas at The MGM Grand Hotel in her show entitled Not Playing with a Full Deck. She returned there for two engagements in March and April 2010. In 2011 she returned to Australia for several concert appearances and participated in the Mardi Gras Festival.
Tomlin can be found on the popular website for women, www.wowowow.com, and participates with other celebrities such as Whoopi Goldberg, Candice Bergen, Liz Smith, Jane Wagner, Peggy Noonan, Marlo Thomas and Lesley Stahl to create an online community which is owned and run by women for women of all ages and origins.
Tomlin's entire career in art, text, photos and videos can be found at her official website. Tomlin continues to work on new stage, radio, television and social media projects.
She narrated the HBO documentary, An Apology to Elephants; and entered the social media arena with an educational game app for kids based on her beloved character, Edith Ann.